The K-T Extinction Boundary: Only a few Scientific References


[all or most of these papers can be found at your nearest large university library. Some recent papers (published roughly from 1997 onward) might also be available in PDF format directly from the authors.]

  1. Alvarez, L.W. 1983. Experimental evidence that an asteroid impact led to the extinction of many species 65 million years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 80: 627-642.

  2. Alvarez, L.W., W. Alvarez, F. Asaro, and H.V. Michel. 1980. Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary extinction. Science 208:1095-1108.

  3. Alvarez, W., F. Asaro, P. Claeys, A. Montanari, and J. Smit. 1994. Developments in the KT impact theory since Snowbird II. (Abstract) Conference on New Developments Regarding the KT Boundary and other Catastrophes in Earth History. Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution No. 825: 3-4.

  4. Alvarez, W., P. Claeys, and S.W. Kieffer. 1995. Emplacement of Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary shocked quartz from Chicxulub Crater. Science 269: 930-935.

  5. Alvarez, W., E.G. Kauffman, F. Surlyk, L.W. Alvarez, F. Asaro, and H. Michel. 1984. Impact theory of mass extinctions and the invertebrate fossil record. Science 223:1135-1141.
  6. Alvarez, W., J. Smit, W. Lowrie, F. Asaro, S.V., Margolis, P. Claeys, M. Kastner, and A. Hildebrand. 1992. Proximal impact deposits at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Gulf of Mexico: A restudy of DSDP, leg 77 sites 536 and 540. Geology 20: 697-700.

  7. Archibald, J. D. 1982. A study of Mammalia and Geology across the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in Garfield County, Montana. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 122: 242-243.

  8. Archibald, J. D. 1987. Stepwise and non-catastrophic late Cretaceous terrestrial extinctions in the Western Interior of North America: testing observations in the context of an historical science. Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France, New Series 150: 45-52.

  9. Archibald, J. D. 1996. Dinosaur Extinction and the End of an Era - - What the Fossils Say. Columbia University Press, New York, 237 p.

  10. Archibald, J.D. 2000. Dinosaur abundance was not declining in a "3 m gap" at the top of the Hell Creek Formation, Montana and North Dakota. Comment. Geology 28(12): 1057-1184.

  11. Archibald, J.D., and L.J. Bryant. 1990. Differential Cretaceous/Tertiary extinctions of nonmarine vertebrates: Evidence from northeastern Montana in Sharpton, V.L. and P.E. Ward (eds.), Global catastrophes in Earth history: Geological Society of America Special Paper 247: 549-562.

  12. Archibald, J.D., R.F. Butler, E.H. Lindsay, W.A. Clemens, and L. Dingus. 1982. Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy, Hell Creek and Tullock Formations, northeastern Montana. Geology 10:153-159.

  13. Archibald, J. D., and D.L. Lofgren. 1990. Mammalian zonation near the Cretaceous Tertiary boundary, p. 31-50, in Bown, R.M., and K.D. Rose (eds.), Dawn of the age of mammals in the northern part of the Rocky Mountain Interior, North America. Geological Society of America special Paper 243.

  14. Argast, S., J. O. Farlow, R. M. Gabet, and D. L. Brinkman. 1987. Transport-induced abrasion of fossil reptilian teeth: Implications for the existence of Tertiary dinosaurs in the Hell Creek Formation, Montana. Geology 15:927-930.

  15. Barnes, V.E. 1990. Tektite Research 1936-1990. Meteoritics 25 (N3): 149-159.

  16. Bailey, J. V., A. S. Cohen, and D. A. Kring. 2005. Lacustrine fossil preservation in acidic environments: implications of experimental and field studies for the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary acid rain trauma. Palaios 20 (4):376-389.

  17. Belcher, C. M., M. E. Collinson, and A. C. Scott. 2005. Constraints on the thermal energy released from the Chicxulub impactor: new evidence from multi-method charcoal analysis. Journal of the Geological Society 162, p. 591-602.

  18. Belcher, C. M., M. E. Collinson, A. R. Sweet, A. R. Hildebrand, and A. C. Scott. 2003. Fireball passes and nothing burns - The role of thermal radiation in the Cretaceous-Tertiary event: Evidence from the charcoal record of North America. Geology 31:1061-1064.

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  20. Blum, J.D., and C.P. Chamberlain, 1992. Oxygen isotope constraints on the origin of impact glasses from the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Science 257: 1104-1107.

  21. Blum, J.D., C.P. Chamberlain, M.P. Hingston, C. Koeberl, L.E. Martin, B. Schuraytz, and V.L. Sharpton. 1993. Isotopic composition of K/T boundary impact glass compared with melt rock from Chicxulub and Manson impact structures. Nature 364: 325-327.

  22. Bohor, B.F. 1990. Shocked quartz and more; Impact signatures in Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clays, pp. 335-342, in Sharpton, V. and P.D. Ward (eds.), Global castastrophes in Earth history. Geological Society of America Special Paper 24.

  23. Bohor, B.F. 1994. KT clastic deposits, Northeastern Mexico: Single-pulse debris flow/turbidite units associated with impact, pp. 102-110, in Field Guide to Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Sections in Northeastern Mexico. Lunar and Planetary Institute Contribution No. 827.

  24. Bohor, B.F., and W. J. Betterton. 1993. Arroyo el Mimbral, K/T unit: Origin as debris flow/turbidite, not a tsunami deposit. 24th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, pp. 143-144.

  25. Bohor, B.F., W.J. Betterton, and T.E. Krogh. 1993. Impact-shocked zircons: discovery of shock-induced textures reflecting increasing degrees of shock metamorphism. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 119: 419-424.

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  27. Bohor, B.F., P.J. Modreski, and E.E. Foord. 1987. Shocked quartz in the Cretaceous-Tertiary clays: Evidence for a global distribution. Science 236: 705-709.

  28. Bohor, B.F., D.M. Triplehorn, D.J. Nichols, and H.T. Millard, Jr. 1987. Dinosaurs, spherules, and the "majic" layer: A new K-T boundary clay site in Wyoming. Geology 15: 896-899.

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  40. Claeys, P., W. Kiessling, and W. Alvarez. 2002. Distribution of Chicxulub ejecta at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary?, in Koeberl, C., and K. G. MacLeod, eds., Catastrophic events and mass extinctions: Impacts and beyond. Geological Society of America Special Paper 356, p. 55-68.

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