AI4U e-book at iUniverse

Linux 64-bit artificial intelligence in 64-bit iForth for robots

in English and in German and in Russian

We interrupt this webpage with a message of supreme
importance from the hero Muntadhar al-Zaidi

Why I threw the shoe [at the leader of the American war criminals]
I am no hero. I just acted as an Iraqi who witnessed 
the pain and bloodshed of too many innocents

I am free. But my country is still a prisoner of war. 
There has been a lot of talk about the action and about 
the person who took it, and about the hero and the heroic act, 
and the symbol and the symbolic act. But, simply, I answer: 
what compelled me to act is the injustice that befell my people, 
and how the occupation wanted to humiliate my homeland by putting 
it under its boot.

Over recent years, more than a million martyrs have fallen by 
the bullets of the occupation and Iraq is now filled with more 
than five million orphans, a million widows and hundreds of 
thousands of maimed. Many millions are homeless inside and 
outside the country.

We used to be a nation in which the Arab would share with the 
Turkman and the Kurd and the Assyrian and the Sabean and the 
Yazid his daily bread. And the Shia would pray with the Sunni 
in one line. And the Muslim would celebrate with the Christian 
the birthday of Christ. This despite the fact that we shared 
hunger under sanctions for more than a decade.

Our patience and our solidarity did not make us forget the 
oppression. But the invasion divided brother from brother, 
neighbour from neighbour. It turned our homes into funeral tents.

I am not a hero. But I have a point of view. I have a stance. 
It humiliated me to see my country humiliated; and to see my 
Baghdad burned, my people killed. Thousands of tragic pictures 
remained in my head, pushing me towards the path of confrontation. 
The scandal of Abu Ghraib. The massacre of Falluja, Najaf, Haditha, 
Sadr City, Basra, Diyala, Mosul, Tal Afar, and every inch of our 
wounded land. I travelled through my burning land and saw with my 
own eyes the pain of the victims, and heard with my own ears the 
screams of the orphans and the bereaved. And a feeling of shame 
haunted me like an ugly name because I was powerless.

As soon as I finished my professional duties in reporting the daily 
tragedies, while I washed away the remains of the debris of the ruined 
Iraqi houses, or the blood that stained my clothes, I would clench my 
teeth and make a pledge to our victims, a pledge of vengeance.

The opportunity came, and I took it.

I took it out of loyalty to every drop of innocent blood that 
has been shed through the occupation or because of it, every 
scream of a bereaved mother, every moan of an orphan, the 
sorrow of a rape victim, the teardrop of an orphan.

I say to those who reproach me: do you know how many broken 
homes that shoe which I threw had entered? How many times it 
had trodden over the blood of innocent victims? Maybe that 
shoe was the appropriate response when all values were violated.

When I threw the shoe in the face of the criminal, George Bush, 
I wanted to express my rejection of his lies, his occupation of 
my country, my rejection of his killing my people. My rejection 
of his plundering the wealth of my country, and destroying its 
infrastructure. And casting out its sons into a diaspora.

If I have wronged journalism without intention, because of the 
professional embarrassment I caused the establishment, I apologise. 
All that I meant to do was express with a living conscience the 
feelings of a citizen who sees his homeland desecrated every day. 
The professionalism mourned by some under the auspices of the 
occupation should not have a voice louder than the voice of 
patriotism. And if patriotism needs to speak out, then 
professionalism should be allied with it.

I didn't do this so my name would enter history or for material 
gains. All I wanted was to defend my country.

Return to top.

1. What was the Mentifex project in artificial intelligence?

Mentifex AI was the Lebenswerk of an independent scholar
in artificial intelligence (AI) who first worked out a theory of mind
for AI and then programmed a simple AI Mind in Forth and a tutorial
AI Mind in JavaScript to demonstrate implementation of the theory.

1.1 History of the Mentifex project -- 1.2 History of MindForth -- 1.2 History of Mind.html
Chapter Eight: Enter the Computer (Mentifex uses a Coleco ADAM.)
Chapter Nine: Amiga Mon Amour (Mentifex upgrades to the Amiga 1000.)
Chapter Ten: Panic (Mentifex intensifies his AI efforts.)
Chapter Sixteen: Science (Mentifex publishes in Nature and in Science.)
Chapter Seventeen: Enter the Internet (Where Mentifex is savagely attacked)
Chapter Nineteen: World Wide Web (Mentifex establishes a Web presence.)
Chapter Twenty: Blogging with Weblogs (AI Memes in the Blogosphere)

1.2 Were there any positive reactions to the Mentifex AI initiatives?

The intellectual elite responded favorably to Mentifex AI,
while lesser lights (see below) vituperated ad hominem against Mentifex
without bothering to understand and critique the Mentifex ideas.

Dr. Benjamin Goertzel, arguably the Albert Einstein of artificial intelligence, wrote --
about the serious thinking on Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) by Mentifex -- that
the ideas themselves are significantly better than most of what passes for cognitive science and AI.

1.3 What sort of negative reactions impeded the progress of Mentifex AI?

Typical Mentifex-bashing occurred in such venues as Amazon reviews of AI4U.

2. Who was the Cyborg Mentifex?

Arthur T. Murray (ATM) was the independent AI scholar,
who from early boyhood followed multiple interests in
electronics, linguistics, chess, religion, magic,
science fiction and so forth into a culminating life-long
quest for the devising of a thinking computer
created in the image and likeness of Homo sapiens.

View some Flickr photos that Mentifex has found interesting:

2.1 What was the education of Mentifex?

Starting with kindergarten just outside the
Mount Rainier Ordnance Depot near Fort Lewis WA USA,
ATM/Mentifex attended Army brat schools until age nine
and ordinary schools such as Blanchet High School
in Seattle WA USA. His undergraduate years were
at the University of Washington and he attended
graduate school at the Berkeley campus of the
University of California. Mentifex graduated
from a course in the electronics of nuclear weapons
taught by the Nuclear Training Directorate at
Sandia Base in Albuquerque NM USA. Mentifex and his
favorite German poet, Heinrich Heine, both attended the
Georgia-Augusta Universität in Göttingen, Germany.

2.2 What were the AI credentials of Mentifex?

You who read this FAQ probably have much better AI credentials
than ATM/Mentifex ever did. As an eight-year-old,
left-handed boy of the jungle in the Panama Canal Zone,
ATM followed a fascination with electricity into years
of building ever more complex hardware experiments,
ranging from radio receivers and a transmitter up through
switching circuitry and artificial life, until the
Grand Challenge beckoned ineluctably to Mentifex --
thou shalt build an artificial [Mind].

Since the AI imperative was already set in ATM's mind
by the age of twelve, Mentifex tailored his education
in furtherance of acquiring the skills necessary for
a lifelong AI project. He became fluent in German,
Russian, Latin and Greek, with a smattering of
French, Spanish and Japanese. By reading the ancient
philosophers in the original Greek and Latin, Mentifex
acquired a root understanding of the vocabulary of
science, and two weird, Gonzo science skills -- the
ability to read Esperanto without studying Esperanto,
and the ability to think and dream in ancient Latin.

3. Why did ATM succeed at AI where others failed?

Mentifex succeeded admirably in AI after first failing miserably
with buggy code that did not work and that slowed computers down
to a standstill. Success loomed in 2005 when Mentifex began to
install diagnostic routines into Mind.Forth and began to
flush out and eliminate profoundly hidden bugs and
glitches, until in January of 2008 the AI Forthmind
"ran out of bugs" and began to demonstrate true AI thinking.
Then Mentifex began to upgrade the JavaScript AI Mind
to the Mind.Forth level of AI functionality.

4. What was the Singularity Timeline pursuant to Mentifex AI?

5. Why was the Mentifex AI Mind written in Forth?

Although ATM/Mentifex initially coded an AI Mind in REXX on
the Commodore Amiga 1000 computer, [Mind.REXX] in 1994 attracted
the attention of Forth programmers who were interested in
porting the AI to Forth for installation in robots.
Mentifex decided to learn Forth in order to assist in the port.
As the community of active Forth programmers dwindled over time,
fewer and fewer people could appreciate MindForth in Win32Forth,
but meanwhile a JavaScript version for MSIE came into being.

6. Why was there a JavaScript tutorial version of MindForth?

In the year 2000, Mentifex watched with astonishment as another
programmer converted some HTML trickery of Mentifex into
an equivalent but flashier JavaScript program. Thus Mentifex
was inspired to translate Mind.Forth into JavaScript so that
users would not have to download Forth and load the AI Mind
into Forth, but could simply click (go ahead, try it :-) on
the AiMind.html link and see the artificial mind flit across
the Web into the host habitat of the user's personal computer.

People sneered at using JavaScript for AI, but gradually
the JSAI acquired arguably the world's largest installed
user base of any True AI program, as Netizens not only
clicked on the Mind program to run it, but also made
local copies of the AI that was already on their screen.

Mentifex released the JavaScript Mind User Manual (JMUM)
as a mutatis mutandis clone of the Mind.Forth User Manual (MFUM).

7. Why did Mentifex take so many AI shortcuts to achieve True AI?

If Mentifex did not take the shortcuts, there would have been no True AI.
It was necessary to get a working AI Mind up and running as
proof-of-concept software to prove the validity of the AI theory.
Each AI shortcut was simply a way to show mental functioning in
software without going the long way around via evolution or
genetic algorithms. Top-down AI design, as opposed to bottom-up
design, sometimes required showing the barest and simplest phenomenon
of each desired goal in the ambitious rush to creating True AI.
Once True AI gains a toehold in the noosphere and the blogosphere,
there is plenty of evo-time for backtracking and doing AI evolution.

7.1 What were the AI shortcuts taken by Mentifex?

7.2 What public archives mention the AI shortcuts taken by Mentifex?
was a Usenet post by Mentifex on Thursday 5 August with the first
publication of the list of AI shortcuts.
was a post by Mentifex on Sunday 22 August describing AI
shortcuts for the Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) mailing list.

8. What other AI projects were spawned by the Mind of Mentifex?

The AI Mind of Mr. Frank J. Russo at
was the main offshoot in AI evolution from the original AI Forthmind.
Earlier attempts at emulating the Mentifex AI Mind were just as
unsuccessful as the bug-ridden Mentifex software, but future
emulations should achieve the Mentifex level of success and beyond.
MindForth may enter the 64-bit Linux environment with 64-bit iForth.

9. What was the AI4U textbook of artificial intelligence?

In 2002, after the creation of several AI mind-modules beyond the
requirements of the simplest demonstration of thinking, Mentifex
decided to use print-on-demand (POD) publishing through to author a textbook of artificial intelligence.
The documentation webpages of the thirty-four mind-modules
of Mentifex AI were turned into the thirty-four chapters of AI4U.
Although the publisher wanted a fee paid for the inclusion
of graphics, ATM/Mentifex avoided that expense by using
an ASCII mind-diagram as a graphic illustration at the
start of each chapter.

After the book came out in November of 2002, Mentifex mailed out
several review copies and secured a free review from Book News[?]
of Portland OR USA. In 2005, viciously negative reviews appeared
on Amazon and were ignored by Mentifex, but a scholarly review
by Prof. Robert W. Jones on 30 November 2006 was answered by
Mentifex with a [review of the review].

In August of 2007 Mentifex began to integrate the
mind-module webpages with links into AI background
articles on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
When a question was raised on aima-talk about
a third edition of the mainstream AIMA textbook,
aima-talk message #789 gave a link to the
Textbook Revolution website. Mentifex
immediately proposed the offering of a
Wikipedia-based free AI textbook consisting of
the basic AI4U material, plus updated chapter webpages,
plus links from each chapter webpage
into Wikipedia as a source of AI background information.
Thus a dynamically mutating, multi-author AI textbook
was born of the original AI4U textbook, because
the mind-module webpages were subject to revision
by updating over time, and thousands of Wikipedia
contributors were constantly augmenting the
AI background articles. Traditional AI textbooks
were now obsolete and not worth the outrageous
prices being charged for them, because the slow
process of issuing new editions could not keep
up with the rapid accretion of AI-related material
onto the Wikipedia encyclopedia.

10. What is the state of the art of Mentifex AI?

The AI genie can no longer be put back into the AI bottle.
The memes of Mentifex are out there, infecting intelligent
human minds with the know-how to build non-human intelligence.
The primitive AI Mind software shows the Main Core of
top-down mind-design.

11. How may Netizens carry on the work of Mentifex AI?

Start your own AI project and follow the AGI Roadmap
far beyond the primitive AI Minds created by Mentifex.

Track the memes of Mentifex and tell the truth where
ignorance and malfeasance have distorted the reality
of Mentifex AI.

Work on the German-speaking AI from these webpage resources:

    The Google Code MindForth (GC/MF) project needs volunteers who will
    go into the chat channel and answer questions
    about the technical and theoretical details of MindForth AI.

    You could go into #ai Internet Relay Chat (IRC) right now
    via and commence chatting, but proper
    Netiquette requires that you first lurk a bit and familiarize
    yourself with topics under current discussion.

    You do not need to install a chat client on your computer.
    You may simply visit

    and click on the item to begin chatting. When you see
    the access screen for chatting, you use the "Search" function
    to find and click on to join the ai chat.
    You may at first have a random "nickname" like mib_2x4sf2rz but you may enter
    /nick yournewnick to change to the real nickname you want to have.

    Be aware that your comments on #ai IRC chat are logged for ever and ever
    at such websites as

    in real time. In fact, you may inspect the real-time log page
    by visiting an old log page and then adjust the date to today
    in your Web browser. If you see AI topics being discussed that
    interest you, you may use to jump into the discussion.

    If you run a public Wi-Fi at a geek establishment like a coffee shop
    or a university dormitory, you may use "mentifex" as the basically
    inconsequential password for access, except that by doing so you will
    accelerate the arrival of the Technological Singularity because your
    clientele will wonder what "mentifex" is, Google the term, and be
    astonished at how cool you are to have a password so esoteric and geeky.

    artificial intelligence

    An article being prepared for this URL (Web address) may appear first
    as a weblog post on the Cybernetic Organism (Cyborg) weblog at -- the news archive of Mentifex AI.

    Other postings already on-line at the Cyborg weblog include:

    Return to
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    madsen -- special report on Obama
    White House Petition

    AI Mind discussion at

    AI4U e-book at iUniverse;
    AI4U textbook at Amazon;
    The Art of the Meme -- Mentifex e-book at Amazon;

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    Seattle Community Network
    SCN Member Pages