Name: Weyerhaeuser - "WISE DISGUISE" FUNDER
Exchange: New York
Founded / State of Incorporation: 1900 / Washington
CEO: John Creighton, Jr.
Executive (Cash) Compensation '95/'94 % change: $1,556,480 / $1,444,828 / 18%
Total Compensation: FY96 $1,835,154
What: Weyerhaeuser grows timber and sells forest products.
Annual Meeting Place: Federal Way, WA
Annual Meeting Date: 15 April 1997
Deadline for Shareholder Resolutions: 3 November 1997
Past Shareholder Resolutions?
- 1994 CERES Principles.
- 1994 Poison Pill.
- 1995 Poison Pill resubmitted.
- 1996 Annual Election of Directors.
- 1997 CERES Principles resubmitted.
- 1997 Board Compensation in common stock.
Other information: Weyerhaeuser is one of Washington State's Largest Corporate Polluters. According to the Environmental Protection Agency's Toxics Release Inventory for 1990-94, the TOP TEN polluters reporting the greatest discharges (in pounds) to Washington waters included:
WEYERHAEUSER - COSMOPOLIS (WA) - 8,707,255
Rayonier - Port Angeles - 7,894,420
ITT Rayonier - Hoquiam - 2,125,940
Scott Paper - Everett - 1,749,650
James River - Camas - 1,413,974
Georgia-Pacific - Bellingham - 1,104,606
WEYERHAEUSER - LONGVIEW (WA) - 1,085,988
LONGVIEW FIBRE - LONGVIEW (WA) - 675,220
Arco - Blaine - 487,084
Texaco - Anacortes - 321,059
The TOP FIVE dischargers (in pounds) of carcinogenic chemicals (1990- 1994) to Washington waters included:
WEYERHAEUSER - LONGVIEW (WA) - 684,815
LONGVIEW FIBRE - LONGVIEW (WA) 630,270
Georgia-Pacific West - Bellingham - 112,929
WEYERHAEUSER - EVERETT (WA) - 62,100
Simpson Tacoma Kraft Co. (WA) Largest Private Corporation (in 1995 Revenues) in Washington State - 62,053
The TOP FIVE dischargers (in pounds) of persistent toxic metals (1990- 1994) to Washington waters included:
Georgia-Pacific West - Bellingham - 87,340
ITT Rayonier - Hoquiam - 50,800
Shell Oil - Anacortes - 44,470
James River Paper - Camas - 25,100
WEYERHAEUSER - LONGVIEW (WA) - 13,800
The TOP FIVE top five dischargers (in pounds) of reproductive toxins (1990-1994) to Washington waters included:
WEYERHAEUSER - LONGVIEW (WA) - 4,082
Texaco - Anacortes - 2,555
Point Wells Richmond Beach - Seattle - 2,280
BOEING - EVERETT (WA) - 2,015
Arco - Blaine - 1,285
[NOTE: Corporations in Capital Letters and BOLD are included in the Washington State Corporation Profiles.]
Source: Environmental Working Group compiled from EPA Toxics Release Inventory 1990-1994.
Weyerhaeuser has funded "Wise Disguise" groups:
- Oregon Lands Coalition, Source: Helvarg "War Against the Greens." 1994 Greenpeace "Guide to Anti-environmental Organizations."
- Oregonians for Food and Shelter, Source: Greenpeace "Guide to Anti-environmental Organizations."
- Pacific Legal Foundation, Source: Houck 'With Charity for All." Yale Law Journal Vol 93 No 8, 7/84 Megalli & Friedman "Masks of Deception." 1991 Greenpeace "Guide to Anti-environmental Organizations."
- American Land Rights Association, National Inholders Association, Multiple Use Alliance, Source: MLUR Vol 4 Num 2 April 95
BUT WAIT! There's more on WEYERHAEUSER. . .
1996 Revenue: $11.1 billion - 1996 Net Income: $1 billion
Weyerhaeuser bought millions of cheap railroad grant timber lands at the turn of the century:
Source: St. Paul Pioneer Press, 3 January 1900
- "After long-continued negotiations for the purchase of 1,000,000 acres of pine lands in Washington, the Weyerhaeuser syndicate yesterday paid over to the Northern Pacific $6,500,000. This is one of the largest deals in pine land that has ever been made in the West. . .Surveyors are estimating on another tract of Northern Pacific pine land in Washington for this syndicate, who have secured an option on it at $6.50 an acre, and which they will probably pay for during the coming year."
Other Weyerhaeuser factoids include:
Source:Seattle P-I, 2 September 1993
- The International Woodworkers of America says, "Weyerhaeuser officials in Mississippi have told employees the union is 'no good' for the company."
- "Weyerhaeuser spokesman Mike Walters says the company believes workers 'should be allowed to make an informed choice about representation,' and doesn't believe employees need a union to receive fair wages, benefits and working conditions."
GEORGE H. WEYERHAEUSER:
Source: The Woodlands Forum, Center for Growth Studies, Houston Advanced Research Center, Vol. 8, No. 2, Spring 1991.
- "There are no economic models designed to balance the use of resources on a large, regional scale as we're trying to do here. There's no doubt that the use of resources changes ecological balance; that process has been going on throughout recorded history."
- "Often it seems, the issue of species protection doesn't really have anything to do with wildlife at all."
- "A forest that ranges from zero to 60 years of age, for instance, can support a deer population of four to five times larger than that of a 200-year-old forest, simply because there is more sunlight and more forage."
- "Some of our work has focused on the problems of growing commercial forests in areas of the world with difficult climate or terrain. In the Soviet Union, for instance we've concentrated on the eastern part of Siberia where there have been serious problems with replanting forests, particularly after some of the tremendous wildfires there."
Weyerhaeuser officials have said:
Source:Seattle P-I, 10 November 1990
- The company would develop private forest lands if market and growth pressures made them more valuable as residential or commercial property.
- They reject use of "new forestry" in the company's forests on the west side of the Cascade Mountains. So-called new forestry is "almost not applicable" to Weyerhaeuser's managed, second growth forests that lie west of the Cascade crests.
- They have no plans to try "new forestry" in place of clearcutting.
- They criticized pending state rules limiting log exports to foreign countries.
- They stressed that the firm does not manage old growth.
- Economics dictate conversion of private timber lands to residential development and make new wildlife-enhancement forestry techniques largely "inapplicable" to Weyerhaeuser lands.
- The firm now has about 25 commercial and residential developments on its properties.
Source:Seattle P-I, 10 November 1990
- In 1990, Weyerhaeuser made disposable diapers that stores sold under their own names.
Source:Eugene Register-Guard, 2 March 1990
- "The Northwest's log exporters came to Washington, D.C. last week in an effort to counter growing political sentiment that they are exporting Northwest jobs.
- "The well-heeled expedition was sponsored by two groups that are dominated by timber companies, port authorities and shipping firms and heavily bankrolled by Weyerhaeuser Co., ITT-Rayonier and other giants."
Source:Aberdeen Daily World, 4 November 1982
- "A potion of the Blue Slough road skirting the Cosmopolis Hill [WA] remains buried under 4,000 cubic yards of mud and debris that broke loose from the bluff early Saturday morning. . .Several conditions probably contributed to the massive earthslide, . . .including clearcutting above the Weyerhaeuser road, four inches of rain that fell recently within 24 hours, and the area's unstable soil . . .Weyerhaeuser built its road with the last year for future hauling. . ."
Source:Seattle Times, 26 March 1981
- "Moving quickly after the eruption of Mount St. Helens sent tons of mud cascading down the North Fork of the Toutle River last spring, the Weyerhaeuser Col. has clear-cut hundreds of acres down to the river's water- including many tees that weren't damaged by the mudflows.
- "Logging within 200 feet of the river requires 'substantial development' permits under the state Shoreline Management Act. Weyerhaeuser never got those permits."
Source:The Oregonian, 1 February 1967
- "The giant Weyerhaeuser Co., owner of vast stands of private timber in Oregon and Washington, has just completed the largest single logs-for export transaction in the history of shipping American logs to the Japanese.
- "Reports from Japan indicate that Weyerhaeuser, dealing from timber resources estimated at anything from 50 to 150 billion feet ('they don't measure their timber in feet, they measure it in square miles,' one competitor claims) made a deal to sell the Japanese a whopping 220-million feet of timber during 1967."
SAMPLE OF WEYERHAEUSER ENVIRONMENTAL VIOLATIONS (July 91-Sept. 92) IN WASHINGTON
[*Note: Fines are often contested and reduced. This does not indicate that this amount was actually collected by the Washington Dept. of Ecology. For example, the Dept. of Ecology ordered the Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Cosmopolis, to prevent obnoxious odors from its wastewater treatment ponds and to continuously monitor the area for hydrogen sulfide emissions. Ecology rescinded a $79,000 penalty issued to Weyerhaeuser. Source:Dept. of Ecology News Release, 19 September 1991]
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary July-September 1992
- $2,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Company, Longview, for exceeding the daily fecal coliform maximum limit in the mill's wastewater discharge permit on 24 June 1992.
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary Jan-March 1992
- $6,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Company, Longview, for improperly disposing mineral oil containing PCBs on 18 December 1991.
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary
- $150,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Company, Cosmopolis, for 15 hydrogen sulfide odor violations involving its wastewater treatment ponds between May 15 and September 11, 1991.
- $4,800 fine* Weyerhaeuser Company, Everett, for venting non-condensible gases for a total of 73 hours in December 1990.
- $10,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Cosmopolis, for exceeding the daily maximum biochemical oxygen demand limit on 9 September 1991.
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary, July-Sept. 1991
- $40,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Cosmopolis, for excessive discharges of fecal coliform during June 1991 that resulted in a precautionary seven-day closure of oyster beds in Grays Harbor.
- $9,800 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Longview, for unauthorized venting of non-condensible gases on 21, 22 Feb. 1991 and opacity violations from 15 November 1990 to 19 February 1991.
- $3,200 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Longview for exceeding the 35 percent opacity limit from the #10 recovery boiler on 7, 18, 19, 27, 29 March 1991; exceeding the total reduced sulfur limit from the #10 recovery boiler on 4 April 1991; and exceeding the total reduced sulfur limit from the lime kiln on 29 May 1991.
- $1,200 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Cosmopolis, for exceeding the opacity limit from the hog fuel dryer on 11 June 1991.
- $1,000 fine* Weyerhaeuser Paper Co., Everett, for prolonged continuous venting of non-condensible gases on 12 March 1991.
SAMPLE OF WEYERHAEUSER ENVIRONMENTAL VIOLATIONS (1995) IN WASHINGTON
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary, Jan-March 1995 Web Site
- $500 fine, Weyerhaeuser Paper Company, Cosmopolis, for non- permitted discharge of approximately 500 pounds of sodium hydroxide into the Chehalis River. Status: Paid.
Source:Dept. of Ecology Enforcement Summary, July-Sept. 1995 Web Site
- $20,000 fine, Weyerhaeuser Paper Company, Cosmopolis, for exceeding its daily maximum fecal coliform limits of NPDES permit on June 5, 9, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 20, 25, 1 July. Status: Paid.
- $15,000 fine, Weyerhaeuser Paper Company, Longview, for exceeding permit requirements for effluent discharge and total suspended solids to the Columbia River. Status: On appeal to Ecology for relief of penalties.
The Inland Empire Public Lands Council in Spokane, WA has accumulated a voluminous amount of historical information on Weyerhaeuser's timber land grab at the turn of the century, including reports for purchase.
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