Growth of Industry and manufacturing soon followed. The Denny Mill, the Lake Union Lumber and Manufacturing Company, the Lake Union Furniture Company and many other businesses (laundries, groceries and inns) were established along the lakeís shoreline and beyond, there by cementing the areaís role as a center for transporting goods into the center of the city and to outlying areas.
As businesses grew and families settled, Cascade developed a community. Many immigrants moved to the area and established their churches: the Norwegians at Immanuel Lutheran Church, on the corner of Thomas St. and Pontius Ave N., was established in 1890 (still a force in the community), the Russians at St. Spiridon Orthodox Church, on the corner of Repblican St. and Yale Ave. N., was established in 1895 (still present in the community, and is still attended by russian immagrants today) and St. Demetrios, Seattleís first Greek Orthodox Church, was established in 1921 (no longer present) was on the corner of Yale Ave and Thomas, where REI stands today.
Further industrial development came to Cascade when the Seattle Lighting Department opened its Lake Union Steam Plant in 1915 and the Ford Motor Company Assembly Plant was built after the First World War. Many older buildings in Cascade were expanded as commercial activity increased and by the 1930s, Cascade was a de-facto mixed-use community, with industry, commercial businesses, churches and a population strongly represented by the working classes.
After World War II, however, light industry and commercial ventures began to threaten Cascadeís existing residential fabric. In 1956, the area was rezoned for manufacturing and new housing was prohibited and at the same time I-5 planning and funding was being discussed and developers were encouraged to build fo rindustry as opposed to housing because of economic incentives. Immanuel Lutheran Church and St. Spirodon Church found themselves meeting in Churches with a dwindling memberships, but they both decided to stay and dedicated themselves to dealing with and improvng their new inner city status. This patttern of urban development was happening not only in Seattleís Cascade neighborhood, but all across the United States.
The building of I-5 caused the loss of over 300 homes and created a neighborhood island cut off from areaís with more activities such as Capital Hill which many residents of Cascade had been dependent on for itís businesess for daily activites. Cascade was also cut off on all sides by major arteralís, and once again the housing that had hung on this long was again threatened by the exisiting zoning and increased light industrial and comericial activity. Now Cascade was left with only 8% of itís housing that had once been predominantly a single and multi family home area. The Seattle times alone, destroyed 30 housing units from 1975-1980, mostly to asfault parking lots for their commuting workers. In total, the population from 1960 to 1970 was cut in half to 1,200.
The Commons proposal propelled the people of Cascade to reactivate the neighborhood council, which had been on haiatus since the 1970s The Growth Management Act, the Majorís Hub Urban Village Plan and the Cascade Neighborhood Councilís vision are the next catalysts for change in Cascade. Given the opportunity to collaborate on goals and priorities, people planning for Cascadeís future will no doubt create a neighborhood that pays tribute to its diverse history.
Since that time, CNC has developed a committed membership representing residents, businesses and property owners, and built a mailing list of 260+ names. It has formed a task force on Cascade Park and worked to secure and build a community P-Patch, worked for the past 2 years with Mike Pyatok and his University of Washington Students to complete a Community Vision, New Mixed-use Zoning, Waterflow Guidelines, and are in the process of developing Sustainable Guidelines that address the whole system (Material, Natural, Social, Energy and Transportation resources. The CNC also worked with the University of Washington to create a Cascade Sustainability Profile. The CNC was instrumental in writing and completing a Water Collection System in the P-Patch. CNC has had on-going dialogues with existing and in-coming Cascade businesses and non-profitís, developed detailed comments to the draft South Lake Union Sub-area Plan and lobbied the city council for the passage of new mixed-use zoning.