With a Focus on Social Activism
Updated: October 12, 2005
(slightly) Updated: May 8, 2008
How does socio-technological innovation arise?
First we must ask why we're talking about socio-technological innovation.
George Basalla writing in The Evolution of Technology (1988) suggests that three preconditions must be present in order for a technological innovation to succeed:
and to these three I would add a fourth:
- existing models to extend and build on;
- social environment that values the innovation; and
- intents, skills, etc. of innovator.
- adequate resources for innovator (to acknowledge the important role of resources for promoting innovation).
I maintain that the same preconditions must hold true for any socio-technological innovation as well. Below is an example that illustrates how innovation (in the case the Web) is based on existing models.
See Bush's 1945 article As We May Think.
such as: what impacts do these new forms have? (e.g. do they hasten the decline of newspaper?) Who creates these new forms? Who uses them? Who controls them? What new social roles are there? (more media producers?)
E-mail, distribution lists, petitions.
Internet Community KO's Anti-FOIA Provision "Meanwhile, TAP posted several Internet updates on the West Provision, and Congress began to receive telephone calls and faxes from constituents and citizen, business and professional groups who opposed it. The American Library Association and EFF both issued Internet notes about the provision, and hundreds of individual activists wrote or forwarded messages about the controversy to different Internet lists."
Santa Monica PEN stories -- opportunities and perils of online engagement (see Strong Democracy chapter of New Community Networks)
Basic EducationCNN delegate vote counter
Revamping Political CampaignsObama in 30 seconds
The Empire Strikes Barack
Institutionalizing Access to Information and Communication
Community Networks, Community Technology Centers, Telecenters, Mobile Media, Free Wireless
Open Source MovementSlashdot
Top 10 Open Source Tools for eActivism
Open Source Film Making
Lots of New Organizations, etc.Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR)
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
Electronic Freedom Foundation (EFF)
Look for...Space (and time?) annotations & social software
Big SplashWTO organizing -- first widespread use of Internet and email for organizing
Sustained AchievementMoveOn -- meet with senators, vigils, simultaneous worldwide demonstration
More Digital ActivismFrom The Second Superpower Rears its Beautiful Head James Moore.
As the United States government becomes more belligerent in using its power in the world, many people are longing for a "second superpower" that can keep the US in check. Indeed, many people desire a superpower that speaks for the interests of planetary society, for long-term well-being, and that encourages broad participation in the democratic process. Where can the world find such a second superpower? No nation or group of nations seems able to play this role, although the European Union sometimes seeks to, working in concert with a variety of institutions in the field of international law, including the United Nations. But even the common might of the European nations is barely a match for the current power of the United States.
There is an emerging second superpower, but it is not a nation. Instead, it is a new form of international player, constituted by the "will of the people" in a global social movement. The beautiful but deeply agitated face of this second superpower is the worldwide peace campaign, but the body of the movement is made up of millions of people concerned with a broad agenda that includes social development, environmentalism, health, and human rights. This movement has a surprisingly agile and muscular body of citizen activists who identify their interests with world society as a whole -- and who recognize that at a fundamental level we are all one.
General activism about the invasion, Posters from around the world, and a few satires.
People's ProtestAnti Bush Sites -- e.g. smirking chimp
Close but not close enough... Mimicy on the webThe official White House Web Site, the WTO, GATT and the WTO, and Yes Men.
Exposure and AccountabilityUndercover Pundits of the Pentagon
B92 -- media against MilosevicB92 - Internet, Radio i TV stanica; najnovije vesti iz Srbije i Crne Gore
Collective IntelligenceMapping Reports of the Post-Election Crisis in Kenya (2008)
New Tactics in Human Rights
Reflect / Act
Liberating Voices! Our class wiki
ZapatistaA local movement turns global...
People's JournalismBlogs and Indymedia ((( i )))
Communication on the move
cell phones in China: "In many of China's other recent riots, word has spread fast among organizers and protesters by way of mobile phone messages, allowing crowds to mass quickly and helping demonstrators to coordinate tactics and slogans." New York Times, Anger in China Rises Over Threat to Environment, July 19, 2005
Protest / AgitpropWhat does 2,000 look like?
Deliberation ToolsAbout e-Liberate
Global Peoples Assembly -- A Grand ChallengeMotivation
Statement from this assembly (not)
Tools and AffordancesTools
TheoryAppropriating the internet for social change: Towards the strategic use of networked technologies by transnational civil society organizations (pdf) by Mark Surman & Katherine Reilly.
HacktivismIntroduction to Hactivism, What is Hactivism?, and Digital culture jamming and electronic civil disobedience. Also: Applied and Interactive Theatre Guide: Hactivism (Lots of interesting links!) and "Little war-related hactivism reported" from Computer World.
Miscellaneous -- Not Classified yet...MoveOn Campaign ad video contests
Discussion -- Free Republic
News Hounds We watch Fox so you don't have to!
Google News Alerts
Shock and Awe book online