Sanctions and International law

Charter of Economic rights & Duties of States, UN General Assembly, 1974: No state may use or encourage the use of economic, political or any other type of measures to coerce another state in order to obtain from it the subordination of the exercise of its sovereign rights or to secure from it advantages of any kind.

Protocol 1 Additional to the Geneva Convention, 1977, Part IV, Section 1, Chapter III, Article 54: (1) starvation of civilians as a method of warfare is prohibited. (2) It is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking water installations and supplies, and irrigation works, for the specific purpose of denying them for their sustenance value to the civilian population or to the adverse Party, whatever the motive, whether in order to starve out civilians, to cause them to move away, or for an other motive.

UN General Assembly Resolution 44/215, December 22, 1989. Economic measures as a means of political and economic coercion against developing countries: Calls upon the developed countries to refrain from exercising political coercion through the application of economic instruments with the purpose of inducing changes in the economic or social systems, as well as in the domestic or foreign policies of other countries. Reaffirms that developed countries should refrain from threatening or applying trade and financial restrictions, blockades, embargoes, and other economic sanctions, incompatible with the provisions of the charter of the United Nations and in violation of the undertakings contracted multilaterally and bilaterally against developing countries as a form of political and economic coercion that affects their political, economic and social development.

International Conference on Nutrition, World Declaration on Nutrition, Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization, 1992: We recognize that access to nutritionally adequate and safe food is a right of each individual. We affirm that food must not be used as a tool of political pressure.

UN General Assembly, December 1997: "starvation of civilians is unlawful".

International Terrorism as defined by the U.S. legal code (Title 18-2331): (1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the U.S. or any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the U.S. or any State; (2) appears to be intended: (I) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (3) occur primarily outside of the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S. , or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum

compiled by Larry Kerschner kerschnerl@steckmedical.com

back to WWFOR Iraq Interest Network page
back to
WWFOR homepage


Seattle Community Network
SCN Activism Menu